Nobel Prize in Physics 2000, how Silicon lost its groove.
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In 1957 Herbert Kroemer published a paper entitled “Quasi-Electric and Quasi-Magnetic Fields in Non-Uniform Semiconductors". In it he expressed the utility of non-uniform semiconductor alloys in exploiting their natural atomic potential gradients to imply quasi-electric fields. The breakthrough in Modulation Doped Field Effect Transistors ( or MODFETs) came from the ground-breaking work done by him and Zhores Alferov on Semiconductor hetero-structures that utilize these very fields. I will examine just Herbert’s findings.